I imagine that just about everyone has heard about the Harvard cheating scandal at this point, but just in case you haven’t, here is a quick summary: Roughly 125 students are under investigation for cheating on a take-home exam, which appears to be the final exam, in a class in the Government department entitled “Introduction to Congress”. This is 125 suspected cheaters out of a total class size of 279. A Bloomberg article describes the class as “relatively easy” — which is doubtlessly a diplomatic description — and “popular”. The apparent cheating was discovered when a teaching fellow noticed similarities in the exams and brought them to the attention of Matthew Platt, the Assistant Professor who taught the class. Apparently “electronic communication” was used in the cheating, which is allegedly the largest academic misconduct scandal known at the school.
Now, this story works for me on a whole series of levels. First, there is the fact that the parents of 279 pupils are paying more than $60,000 a year to have their little darlings “educated” (and the quotation marks are deliberate) by an Assistant Professor in what is obviously a farce of a class taken only for purposes of “padding” a GPA. But even this Assistant Professor cannot be bothered to grade the final exams but instead turns them over to a teaching assistant for the slog. Then there is the fact that the class is in the Government department, which is the preferred habitat of the future political leaders of our country, who are never the best and brightest and who therefore crave these kinds of easy grades.
But here is the best part: Jay Harris, the Dean of Undergraduate Education, explained that “Technology has shifted the way people think about intellectual property, the way people think about communicating with each other.” In other words: it’s not their fault. When they were swapping answers by e mail, or plagiarising entire paragraphs they found on the Internet, they obviously didn’t realize that they were doing something wrong. The technology is to blame and the students just need some reminders about the meaning of academic honesty in this technologically enabled age.
Harvard is the center of East Coast liberalism. A central tenet of this liberalism is that people will not “game” (ie., exploit) the system. (Well, at least they won’t game the system unless they make at least, say, $500,000 a year and vote Republican.) So, when you give them a take home exam – which is nothing but an open invitation to cheat – then certainly none of them will actually do this, unless of course their basic instincts have been corrupted in some way. In this case, by the iPad that their doting parents gave them.
A central tenet of this blog, and one of the reasons why I have chosen this story to be my starting point, is that people, when given the means, motive and opportunity, will game the system. Not all of them and not all of the time, but a significant and growing portion will. “Growing” because, when people look around and they see a lot of other people gaming with impunity, even the most ethical are tempted to ask themselves: Why am I the only idiot? And contrary to the political beliefs of both the right and left, it isn’t just the poor welfare cheats (as the Republicans would have us believe) or the rich investment bankers (as the Democrats know to be the case) who do it. It is everyone.
Every politician in the world should have tattooed to his or her forehead: People – rich or poor; educated or not; black, white or brown – respond to the incentives placed in front on them. If politicians believed this and acted upon this belief, then an enormous amount of bad policy could be avoided.
Roger Barris, Switzerland